This article is authored by BBA Department
The term ‘Green Supply Chain Management’ (GSCM) refers to the concept of integrating sustainable environmental processes into the traditional supply chain. This can include processes such as product design, material sourcing ,selection, manufacturing and production, operation and end of life management
Since the last couple of decades, environmental issues have been increasing and travelling faster than forest fire, country to region, region to world level territory which is a serious cause of climate change and global warming. In addition, scarcity of natural resources and air and water pollution badly affect flora and fauna, human life with different diseases they cause definitely like heart disease, lung cancer chronic obstruction ,pulmonary disease, stoke ,cholera etc. While green supply chain concept occurs to mitigate environmental degradations and control air , water and waste pollution through the adoption of green practices in business operations. Undeniably the basic concept behind this is to enhance environmental sustainability. But the firms adopt green concept as” kill two enemies with one bullet “.Because green supply chain can reduce the environmental pollution and production costs and it also can spur economic growth, create competitive advantages in terms of greater customer satisfaction, positive image and reputation and provide better opportunity to export their products in pro-environmental countries. The definition of green idea is expanding with new innovations and techniques to protect environmental sustainability ,which can be recognized by corporate social responsibility, green manufacturing ,waste reduction recycling etc.
Instead of simply attempting to mitigate the environmental impact of the supply chain, GSCM involves driving value creation throughout the supply chain organizations to reduce total environmental impact.
While the specific goal of GSCM is often the reduction of CO2 emissions, other tangible benefits for an organisation include; greater efficiency of assets,less waste production,greater innovation, reduction of production costs, reuse of raw materials, increased profitability, perception of added value to the client base, and so on.