This article is authored by Dept. of Psychology
Political psychology arose in France, first published in his book entitled “Man in History” (1860), by the ethnologist Adolph Bastian. With a pragmatic (utilitarian) outlook, political psychology is to serve as a psychological window in politics and diplomats serving in this area, and to enhance political and diplomatic success. Policy psychology’s approach to problems is based on the basis of analytical psychology, with an integrated approach. For this purpose, it tries to present the viewpoint of history in an integrated approach with a few subjects. It also envisages examining psychological processes which decide political behavior and the mechanism by which political actions influence the psychological reactions of various political leaders, individuals and groups. (Bastian, 1860)
From this point of view, political psychology was chosen when evaluating research to determine the specific political attitudes and characteristics of the political leaders, which are the key to the research. So political psychology is a science that studies politics, politicians, political leaders, their political activities and their focal characteristics such as character, personality, reaction and effect on any circumstance. Public psychology is neither a psychological science nor a political science but focuses on the study of the political aspects of human psychology. Identities, values, attitudes, motivations, decisions, honesty, and management styles of political leaders are also considered in this interdisciplinary area. Political psychology analyzes what’s going on around the world, how the climate impacts the political leaders ‘ attitudes, behavior and political decisions (preston, 2004). According to Levy, psychology has a huge impact on the attitudes and roles of state leaders and other individuals in foreign policy mainly through its association with certain facets of the international system, national governments, and distinct societies. Of political science, the study of personality examines the impact of leadership on behavior and decision-making process. Political psychology refers to individual behavior within a given political system. Psychology cannot clarify the Holocaust itself, the horrific wars, the actions of war or other states or the collective political actors of this complex environment. From this point of view, inter-state, inter-ethnic ties and political leadership interactions can be explained through the psychology-politics relationship. From this point of view, inter-state, inter-ethnic ties and political leadership interactions can be explained through the psychology-politics relationship (S., 2003)
In short, political psychology will be able to investigate the political attitudes and behaviors of state leaders that decide their impact within society, the decision-making process, their similarities and different aspects of behavior, as well as their political characteristics As being an aspect of both political science and psychology, political behavior attempt quantifying and explaining the factors which influences and define the political views, ideology and levels of politics. (S., 2003)
Individual political participation. In a way, action is political if groups or individuals try to influence or avoid someone else’s power. Karl Deutsch and Theodor Adorno are the thinkers who have inspired the study of action that includes politics and power. No research can be done in the area of political behavior, without listing the titles.
The studies collaborating biology and political science ai, to find the correlation of political behavior with biological aspects. There are studies connecting the biology and the political orientation but at the same time with many other aspects like voting behavior and partnership. These studies are majorly titled as genopolitics or biopolitics, where these terminologies are majorly adapted from the works of Michel Foucault. The study of possible genetic bases of political behaviour has grown since the 1980s. The term genopolitics was coined by political scientist James Fowler in the early-2000s to describe research into identifying specific transporter/receptor genes responsible for ideological orientation beyond the sociopsychological realm of political socialisation.
Short term influences on political orientation are:
Mostly it can be influenced by voting behaviour, the media and the effects of individual election problems. It may also differ from long-term factors, as they are not influenced as they are for a longer period. It’s a short-lived experience. They can be equally crucial in changing political orientation. The way these two sources are perceived also relies on the particular political opinion of the person, developed by long-term influences. There are many major theories of mass media as well as political science theories which support the media-influenced individual voting behaviour. Few would argue with the notion that mass media institutions are important to contemporary politics. The media was a key battlefield in this political world in the transition to liberal democratic politics in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe (McFarland, 2010)
Some political science requires the creation of a completely new theory to provide political psychological accounts. Political scientists often seek to understand what drives people to participate in the democratic process, whether by voting, volunteering for campaigns, signing petitions or protesting. Rational behaviour can’t always justify involvement. The voting paradox, for example, points out that voting cannot be in the self-interest of a voter, because the effort required to vote will almost always outweigh the benefits of voting, especially given that a single vote is unlikely to change an electoral outcome. Alternatively, policy analysts say that citizens vote for psychological or social reasons. For example, studies show that individuals are more likely to vote if they see their friends voting or if someone in their household has been given a nudge to vote (S., 2003)
Consequently, political psychology illuminates the complexities of significant real-world events in ways that provide literally valuable information and facilitate the development of cognitive processes and social interaction theories.